Recent Increasing Interest Among Several Arab countries to Re-Use Coal; some of which are as follows:
United Arab Emirates:
An economic report has elaborated that the cement companies in the UAE started to import coal in order to use it in running their furnaces in cities such as Ras Al Khaimah and Fujairah. Dubai Electricity and Water Authority received nine competitive offers from international companies specialized in using and applying clean coal technology in the production of electric power.
This was in response to the tender announced by Dubai Electricity and Water Authority on in November, 2010. Mr. Saeed Mohamed Al Tayer, Dubai Electricity and Water Authority's BOD Deputed Member and CEO of the Dubai Electricity and Water, stated, "This study marks the essential and most important step towards the implementation of the Strategy for Diversifying Energy Sources approved by Dubai Supreme Energy Council.
The Strategy stipulates that coal should be used as part of the energy portfolio in Dubai. It aims at diversifying the source of fuel in order to secure the supply of energy and meet Dubai's increasing need for energy. Mr. Al Tayer added that a tender would be prepared for the construction of the first electric power generation plant by using clean coal technologies, which would be owned by Dubai Electricity and Water.
Emphasizing this notion, he added, " Bid evaluation process would be carried out within the period from January to February 2011. The Authority would adopt the best international methods and practices for the construction of the electric power generation plant using clean coal."
In 2009, Oman entered into two technical and financial consultation contracts for the construction of Al Duqem electric power plant whose production capacity accounts for 1000 MW. Other steps are being carried out to pave the way for the erection of the first electric power plant to be fueled by coal in the Sultanate of Oman.
The Egyptian Ministry of Electricity and Energy has taken the decision to revert to the use of coal as one of the quick and cheap fuel alternatives to secure energy needs for Egypt's future projects. As such, the Ministry has commenced to conduct studies on the notion of establishing the first giant Egyptian electricity station run by coal in Safja area. It is expected that the station would have a production capacity amounting up to 1950 MW.
It is noteworthy that coal for running the station would be exported. It stands to reason that the idea of constructing coal-operated electricity stations is the outcome of realizing that the new technology has made coal-powered stations and plants some of the best practices for protecting and conserving the environment. They also have less harmful emissions than those stations run by fuel oil and diesel.
Yemen Intention to Generate Electricity by Using Coal
- In 2010, the Yemeni Government asked the Mackenzie Consultant Company to carry out a feasibility study on the energy sector in Yemen. The study centered on the importance of introducing a new method for electric power generation. This is by using coal. This is so because coal has an economic feasibility and scientific experiments have shown that coal is cost-effective and is beneficial for private sector cement plants.
The 2010 study has shown that Yemen falls short in meeting energy demand by 25% in the rush hour. It has also elaborated that that the electricity service delivered by the Public Electricity Corporation to beneficiaries does not even exceed 50% of the total population in need of that service albeit that the Government subsidizes the electricity sector by approximately 60% of its total costs and an annual amount of $ 550 US dollars.
- In 2012, the Coalition Government forwarded a program to the House of Representatives; the program set a number of measures to address Yemen's various imbalances. One of the remedies to the imbalance of the electricity sector—which have escalated even more since the 2011 crisis—was to repeal oil and gas subsidies.
This is by expanding electric power generation through the ultimate use of available natural gas. Another possibility was to bridge the gap of the increasing demand of energy by using coal in electric power generation.
- In 2012, the Coalition Government, represented by the Ministry of Electricity and Energy, actually signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the Chinese National Corporation for Electrical Equipment (CNEEC) to build two plants for electric power generation; the first one, located at Aden Governorate, has a 600 MW generation capacity, the other at Hodeida Governorate with a (600) MW generation capacity. Both plants would operate by using the "filtered coal" as an eco-friendly source of energy.